Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books youve read. Pustejovsky, james and branimir boguraev eds 1996 lexical semantics. The lexical semantics of english count and mass nouns. Polysemy is the association of one word with two or more distinct meanings, and a polyseme is a word or phrase with multiple meanings. In section 2 we describe the lexical representation language that we have developed to represent basic lexical entries and characterize systematic lexical processes. Whether youve loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them.
Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography abstract the phenomenon of systematic polysemy offers a fruitful domain for examining the theoretical differences between lexicological and lexicographic approaches to description. Lexicology is concerned with words, variable wordgroups, phraseological units, and with. Systematic polysemy raises a number of problems for lexicographers, particularly if dictionaries are to be modified to accommodate new types of users and new applications. This data is subject to a whole bunch of different requirements, permissions, and restrictions, ranging from sure, heres the file, feel free to pass it on to i can give you this but you cant tell anyone you have a copy. It usually does this in the form of various different types of dictionaries.
The routledge handbook of lexicography is essential reading for researchers and students working in this area. Doc systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography1. Obviously, homophony and polysemy are fuzzy concepts, insofar as polysemy might evolve into homophony. New approaches to specialized english lexicology and lexicography. Systematic polysemy of estonian colour adjectives euralex. The phenomenon of systematic polysemy offers a fruitful do main forexamlnlng the theoretical differences between lexicological and lexicographic approaches. The phenomenon of systematic polysemy a fruitful do offers main forexamlnlng the theoretical differences and between lexicological lexicographic approaches to description. In the area of cognitive lexical semantics there is a vast number of detailed studies. I have more than sources, including data from many people in the australianist community, for which im very grateful. As nouns the difference between lexicology and lexicography is that lexicology is contextuncountablelinguisticslangen the part of linguistics that studies words, their nature and meaning, words elements, relations between words including semantic relations, words groups and the whole lexicon.
Two uses of the same word may become more and more dissimilar, to the point that the relation is not obvious anymore to ordinary speakers. In contrast, a onetoone match between a word and a meaning is called monosemy. Lexicology is the part of linguistics that studies words. We consider here the process that provides for systematic conversion of count to mass nouns in english. Brook symposium manchester, august 1998 edited by julie coleman university of leicester christian j. Geoff nunberg unknown details the phenomenon of systematic polysemy offers a fruitful domain for examining the theoretical differences between lexicological and lexicographic approaches to description. Practical lexicography is the art or craft of compiling, writing and editing dictionaries theoretical lexicography is the scholarly discipline of analyzing and describing the semantic, syntagmatic, and paradigmatic relationships within the lexicon vocabulary of a language, developing theories of dictionary components. The application of the prototype theory in lexicographic. This may include their nature and function as symbols, their meaning, the relationship of their meaning to epistemology in general, and the rules of their composition from smaller elements morphemes such as the english ed marker for past or unfor negation. Lexicography is divided into two separate but equally important groups. Systematic polysemy raises a number of problems for lexicographers.
Esp and general english lexicology and lexicography. In this paper we argue that the phenomenon of lexical polysemy lexical sense extension should be treated pragmatically rather than through the mechanism of lexical rules. Ontologybased distinction between polysemy and homonymy. Those working within lexical semantics have frequently cited such systematic connections as instances which are susceptible of treatment by socalled lexical rules leech, 1974, lexical inference rules ostler and atkins, 1991, or subtype coercion pustejovsky, 1995. In the sixteenth century, two developments led to lexicology and lexicography. These systematic aspects make polysemy an important field of study of synchronic and generative linguistics. Lexicography also studies the lexicon as lexicology does but whereas lexicology concentrates more on general properties and features that can be viewed as systematic, lexicography typically has the so to say individuality of each lexical unit in the focus of its interest. Lexicography and world languages, including arabic, hindi, russian, chinese, and indonesian. The application of the prototype theory in lexicographic practice. Lexicology needs to define what constitutes a lexical item, excluding grammatical variants and including multiword items which constitute a single lexeme.
The second sense b of lexicon, with stress on the systematic and synchronic point of. The future of lexicography, including the use of the internet, user participation, and dictionary portals. Lexicology from gr lexis word and logos learning is the part of linguistics dealing with the vocabulary of the language and the properties of words as the main units of language. Lexicography is an important branch of linguistics which covers the theory and practice of. In socalled systematic polysemy, the related senses of a lexeme are predictable on the basis of a general pattern of sense alternation observed for words denoting objects of the same category. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography1. In section 3 we return to constructional polysemy and motivate a more detailed analysis of specialization.
Download now this textbook is a systematic and accessible introduction to the lexicology of modern english. This new routledge major work is a sixvolume collection of nearly one hundred papers, articles, and extracts covering every aspect of lexicology. The phenomenon of systematic polysemy offers a fruitful domain for examining the theoretical differences between lexicological and lexicographic approaches to description. From hannu tommola, krista varantola, tarja salmitolonen and jrgen schopp, eds. The word polysemy comes from the greek for many signs. Moltmann, friederike 1997 parts and wholes in semantics. We show that what have been termed lexical rules are better stated as rules of reference transfer, that is, as applying to objects and relations in the world rather than to. It must also provide criteria for deciding between homonymy and polysemy. Lexicology as a branch of linguistics has its own aims and methods of scientific research, its basic task being a study and systematic description of vocabulary in respect to. A pragmatic perspective polysemy is usually described as the case where a single lexeme is associated with several related senses. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography with annie zaenen.
Some of the difficulties are essentially structural or organizational. Also in french translation in linguistique franaise, winter, 1997. It ranges over philosophy of language, prototype theory, artificial intelligence, cognitive linguistics, systemic linguistics, structuralism european an. The record of sixteenthcentury english medical terminology. Wordnet, again, was the basis for other experiments described in this special issue, such as peters and kilgarriff 2000 who use it to study systematic polysemy and try to shed some new light on the representation of word sense distinctions in thesauri. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography euralex. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography1 abstract. After a full contextual introduction thierry fontenelle divides the book into twelve parts theoretical perspectives, corpus design, lexicographical evidence, word senses and polysemy, collocations and idioms, definitions, examples, grammar and usage, bilingual lexicography, tools and methods, semantic networks, and how dictionaries are used. Focusing on the systematic polysemy of institutiondenoting terms, this paper defends the general view that such multiplemeaning phenomena take root in the complex ontological structure of the. Conventional, itembased formats provide no obvious place for listing regularities like these. The book provides an account of the sources of modern english words and studies the development of vocabulary over time. Lexicology as a branch of linguistics has its own aims and methods of scientific research, its basic task being a study and systematic description of vocabulary in respect to its origin, development and current use. Pdf systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography. Geoff nunberg, systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography.
Systematic or regular polysemy is characterized as the phen omenon that a noun has several. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography uc. The art or craft of compiling, writing and editing dictionaries. Oxford studies in lexicography and lexicology oxford. Lexicology and lexicography by katerina licha on prezi. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography1 university of.
The matter of polysemy is now widely investigated by specialists in the sphere of lexicology. As nouns the difference between lexicology and lexicography is that lexicology is contextuncountablelinguisticslangen the part of linguistics that studies words, their nature and meaning, words elements, relations between words including semantic relations, words groups and. Kay university of glasgow john benjamins publishing company amsterdamphiladelphia. Lexicology is the branch of linguistics that studies the stock of words the lexicon in a given language. Wordnet, framenet and other semantic networks in the. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography philpapers. We consider here the process that provides for systematic conversion of count to mass nouns in english a chicken. Lexicology and lexicography examines wordformation, the evolution of vocabulary and the composition of english dictionaries. Including a selection of papers originally presented at the 10th international conference on english historical linguistics, the contributions to this volume aim to show the breadth and depth of late1990s studies in lexicology, semantics and lexicography. But there are also more systematic attempts, such as the catholicon, a mixture of encyclopedia and dictionary which, compiled around 1250, was the.1405 943 814 1271 253 1064 357 977 832 607 656 48 634 1074 1277 146 1498 1364 536 275 297 1413 491 259 1003 1145 1019 702 430 1088 901 1134 266 239 818 117 321 966 352 470 1290 487 1337 1083 684 1220 325